Download e-book for kindle: A Forgotten Sisterhood: Pioneering Black Women Educators and by Audrey Thomas McCluskey
By Audrey Thomas McCluskey
Emerging from the darkness of the slave period and Reconstruction, black activist ladies Lucy Craft Laney, Mary McLeod Bethune, Charlotte Hawkins Brown, and Nannie Helen Burroughs based colleges aimed toward freeing African-American early life from deprived futures within the segregated and decidedly unequal South. From the overdue 19th via mid-twentieth centuries, those participants fought discrimination as individuals of a bigger stream of black ladies who uplifted destiny generations via a spotlight on schooling, social provider, and cultural transformation. Born loose, yet with the shadow of the slave previous nonetheless implanted of their cognizance, Laney, Bethune, Brown, and Burroughs outfitted off each one other’s successes and discovered from each one other’s struggles as directors, teachers, and suffragists. Drawing from the women’s personal letters and writings approximately academic tools and from remembrances of surviving scholars, Audrey Thomas McCluskey finds the pivotal importance of this sisterhood’s legacy for later generations and for the establishment of schooling itself.
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Additional resources for A Forgotten Sisterhood: Pioneering Black Women Educators and Activists in the Jim Crow South
A telling example of Laney’s broad outreach was the support she received from Mrs. Anson Phelps-Stokes of the family that established the previously mentioned philanthropic fund founded in 1911 to support mainly industrial education. Still, Mrs. Phelps-Stokes made a personal donation to Haines that enabled Laney to acquire a block of land to initiate the growth and physical transformation that she envisioned. With this purchase of land, the permanent campus began to take shape. Mrs. Phelps-Stokes also contributed a “costly and beautiful organ” that allowed Laney to organize a school orchestra.
During a time when women were expected to be “true” women, judged by high standards of morality, domesticity, and sexual purity, Laney was an advocate of the modern idea that mothers should hold their boys to the same standard of morality and conduct as girls. 69 Laney’s political views were also in line with the so-called black radicals such as Du Bois. She opposed segregation, scolding her students and staff for patronizing segregated facilities in Augusta. “Don’t pay to be kicked,” she told them.
36 Chapter 2 81. Margaret Louise Laney, “Miss Lucy Laney and Early 20th Century Education,” Oral Memoirs of Augusta Citizens, Vol. 3, Augusta Oral History Project (6 February 1967), 14. 82. June O. Patton, “Augusta’s Black Community and the Struggle for Ware High School,” in New Perspectives on Black Educational History, eds. Vincent P. Franklin and James D. Anderson (Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1978), 46. 83. Edward J. Cashin, “Paternalism in Augusta: The Impact of the Plantation Ethic upon an Urban Society,” in Paternalism in a Southern City: Race, Religion, and Gender in Augusta, Georgia, eds.
A Forgotten Sisterhood: Pioneering Black Women Educators and Activists in the Jim Crow South by Audrey Thomas McCluskey