Get Adaptation and Autonomy: Adaptive Preferences in Enhancing PDF
By Juha Räikkä, Jukka Varelius
This quantity gathers jointly formerly unpublished articles concentrating on the connection among choice variation and autonomy in reference to human enhancement and within the end-of-life context. the worth of person autonomy is a cornerstone of liberal societies. whereas there are various conceptions of the inspiration, it's debatable that on any believable figuring out of person autonomy an self sufficient agent must take note of the stipulations that circumscribe its activities. but it has additionally been advised that permitting one’s suggestions to impact one’s personal tastes threatens autonomy. whereas this phenomenon has acquired a few realization in different components of ethical philosophy, it has seldom been thought of in bioethics. This booklet combines for the 1st time the themes of choice variation, person autonomy, and selecting to die or to augment human capacities in a different and finished quantity, filling an incredible wisdom hole within the modern bioethics literature.
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Extra info for Adaptation and Autonomy: Adaptive Preferences in Enhancing and Ending Life
Hence, I offer two potential solutions to this puzzle: first, that we should simply reject the claim that preferences should play a normative role (insofar as there is no acceptable method by which to distinguish the normatively authoritative ones from those that lack normative authority), or, second, that we should reconsider whether all forms of preferential adaptation signal a lack of normative authority. Briefly, I argue in favor of the latter, and hopefully more optimistic, conclusion. 2 Varieties of (the Lack of) Normative Authority It seems right to say that the fact that a particular preference for φ rather than ψ is adaptive is a reason to look askance at its normative authority.
When I act autonomously, for instance, this seems to entail that my action was self-authored, rather than controlled by external forces. But we might put the same thought to work when it comes to autonomous preferences. If I have control over a preference, whether or not to maintain it or refuse to do so, it could be that when I maintain it, this preference is autonomous, just as an action or choice is autonomous to the extent that I have control over whether I perform the action in question or not.
So it seems plausible that the desire to take such a pill could be autonomous for many people, regardless of how they came to have the preference. With this, the second part of the objection is put to rest, because it depends on the assumption that the preference to take the pill is non-autonomous. While the preference to take the pill might be non-autonomously formed (through brainwashing, for example), I have insisted that it does not follow that it is nonautonomously retained and that action on its basis – and other preferences formed on its basis – are therefore non-autonomous.
Adaptation and Autonomy: Adaptive Preferences in Enhancing and Ending Life by Juha Räikkä, Jukka Varelius