R. Cheung, J. Klein, K. Tsubouchi, M. Murakami, N. Kobayashi's Advanced Metallization and Interconnect Systems for Ulsi PDF

By R. Cheung, J. Klein, K. Tsubouchi, M. Murakami, N. Kobayashi

ISBN-10: 1558994122

ISBN-13: 9781558994126

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Extra resources for Advanced Metallization and Interconnect Systems for Ulsi Applications in 1997

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Deposit type BIF HG hematite M-G Carajás SSF CID Exi Peace River Panzhihua ROM Hematite Source Modal mineralogy of some typical iron ores. , hydrohematite; Och. , plagioclase. , 2013; 3, Petruk, 1977; 4, J Clout and J Manuel, unpublished information. 2 Iron formation-hosted iron ore deposits Iron formation-hosted iron ore deposits account for the majority of current world production and >31,000 Mt of high-grade hematite resources of iron ore (Gutzmer and Beukes, 2009; Dalstra and Guedes, 2004).

Specular hematite should not be confused with the much finer-grained microplaty hematite, micaceous hematite, or hematite specimens with marked schistosity. Although the main ore minerals in many iron ore deposits are hematite and goethite and the overall mineralogy is quite simple, ore textures and their spatial distribution and modification across individual deposits are typically complex (Clout, 2002). 4 Unenriched iron formation ores Unenriched primary iron formation is a major source of iron ore in many parts of the world, especially the PRC and North America and includes both magnetite- and ­hematite-rich iron formations.

Notwithstanding this, it is expected that there will be casualties among the high-cost producers, particularly those that have recently entered the iron ore market with high start-up costs and debt levels. Clearly, the large iron ore suppliers with world-class assets, scale of production, high efficiency, and good cost structures are in a more secure financial position at the current low prices. The iron ore price is expected to gradually recover from the current low when the high-cost producers drop out and production levels better match market demand.

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Advanced Metallization and Interconnect Systems for Ulsi Applications in 1997 by R. Cheung, J. Klein, K. Tsubouchi, M. Murakami, N. Kobayashi


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