Read e-book online After Gödel: Platonism and Rationalism in Mathematics and PDF

By Richard Tieszen

ISBN-10: 019960620X

ISBN-13: 9780199606207

Richard Tieszen offers an research, improvement, and protection of a couple of vital rules in Kurt Godel's writings at the philosophy and foundations of arithmetic and good judgment. Tieszen constructions the argument round Godel's 3 philosophical heroes - Plato, Leibniz, and Husserl - and his engagement with Kant, and supplementations shut readings of Godel's texts on foundations with fabrics from Godel's Nachlass and from Hao Wang's discussions with Godel. in addition to offering discussions of Godel's perspectives at the philosophical value of his technical effects on completeness, incompleteness, undecidability, consistency proofs, speed-up theorems, and independence proofs, Tieszen furnishes a close research of Godel's critique of Hilbert and Carnap, and of his next flip to Husserl's transcendental philosophy in 1959. in this foundation, a brand new kind of platonic rationalism that calls for rational instinct, known as 'constituted platonism', is built and defended. Tieszen exhibits how constituted platonism addresses the matter of the objectivity of arithmetic and of the information of summary mathematical gadgets. eventually, he considers the results of this place for the declare that human minds ('monads') are machines, and discusses the problems of pragmatic holism and rationalism.

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Additional resources for After Gödel: Platonism and Rationalism in Mathematics and Logic

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The formalization should be very precise. We specify an alphabet of signs from which the expressions of the formal system are to be composed, we present an inductive definition of the expressions of the system, and we lay down a finite set of axioms or suitable axiom schemata and a finite sets of rules of inference from which theorems are to be derived from the axioms. The entire formal system is then supposed to be seen as a system of concrete, finite sign configurations and manipulations on sign configurations according to the rules of inference, which are simply rules for mechanically generating new bits of syntax from existing bits.

Turing’s work gives an analysis of the concept of mechanical procedure (algorithm, computation procedure, or finite combinatorial procedure). The concept is shown to be equivalent to that of a Turing machine. A formal system can be defined to be any mechanical procedure for producing formulas, which are the provable formulas. Well-defined or effectively given formal systems can be viewed as Turing machines, and Turing machines can be viewed as effectively given formal systems. ” The essence of a formal system, Go¨del says, is that, in it, reasoning is completely replaced by mechanical operations on formulas.

As we saw above, Husserl says that through transcendental phenomenology “ . ” In his “London Lectures” (Husserl 1922, p. 73) he says that Phenomenology realizes (thought of as developed) the original and genuine idea of logic. For originally (in the Platonic dialectic) logic was to be the science of rendering clear the significance, result and legitimacy of possible knowledge and was thereby to make possible genuine wisdom and a universal philosophy. One can think of the Platonic dialectic as a method that is supposed to help us cultivate an awareness of the ideal forms.

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After Gödel: Platonism and Rationalism in Mathematics and Logic by Richard Tieszen

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