Read e-book online An elementary treatise on the theory of equations: with a PDF

By I. Todhunter

ISBN-10: 1429700556

ISBN-13: 9781429700559

This quantity is made from electronic photographs from the Cornell college Library old arithmetic Monographs assortment.

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Additional info for An elementary treatise on the theory of equations: with a collection of examples.

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That is why it is so interesting to read an early European account of the Hindu system. The following is an excerpt of a 15th-century English translation of a 13th-century Latin text written by John Holywood (ca. 1200–1256), also known as John of Halifax, also known as Sacrobosco. The title of the text is The Art of Nombryng, and in it he describes what was then the new system of Hindu numeration. As you read it, notice the points that he believes worth emphasizing. ■ He emphasizes that every number can be represented as a combination of 10 symbols.

These are questions that are open for debate. Much current scholarship centers less on what the texts say than on what the texts tell us about the role of mathematics in this earliest of civilizations. The Egyptian Number System Less information is available about Egyptian mathematics than about Mesopotamian mathematics, but one point is clear: Egyptian mathematics was not as advanced as Mesopotamian mathematics. One reason that less information is available about Egyptian mathematics is that the Egyptians wrote on papyrus whereas the Mesopotamians wrote on clay.

Early records are scarce. E. and that this early writing system had some similarities to contemporary Chinese writing. Presumably they produced a number of mathematics texts at this time, but none survives. E. China was united under the rule of Qin Shi Huang (also known as Shih Huang-ti), the first emperor of China. He established a strong central government that undertook many large-scale construction projects. Under Qin Shi Huang’s rule the Chinese built an extensive system of roads and fortified the Great Wall.

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An elementary treatise on the theory of equations: with a collection of examples. by I. Todhunter


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